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Pets are not just animals you adopt in your home. They are considered as family,

Pet Vaccinations For Longer Pet Life

Pet vaccinations ensure you have healthy pets that will stay with the family for long. Your dog can suffer from many diseases that can be life-threatening. To give your pets a healthy lifestyle it is good to take them to a nearby pet hospital or clinic for regular vaccinations. Following are some diseases that your dog will need vaccinations against:

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Rabies

This disease spreads to people with a single bite. If your dog has the rabies virus it can easily transmit it to others. It is a deadly virus spread from the saliva of animals such as bats, coyotes, foxes, raccoons, skunks, and dogs. If you are bitten by an animal you need to take the rabies vaccine. It is wise to vaccinate all your pets and keep them away from other animals. Your veterinarian plays the main role in preventing rabies.

Parvovirus infection

The parvovirus (CPV) infection is highly contagious and affects dogs. The virus manifests itself in two different forms. It can attack the intestines of your dog and give it vomiting and diarrhea. The animal will lose weight and will not feel hungry. If the virus attacks a young pup it can lead to death. When your pup is six months old get it the vaccine so it can lead a healthy life.

Distemper

This virus attacks the animal’s respiratory, gastrointestinal, and central nervous systems. It can also affect the conjunctival membranes of the eye. Symptoms include sneezing, coughing, and mucus from the eyes and nose. Your dog may get fever, lethargy, vomiting, and diarrhea as well. Blood urine or saliva of one dog can infect another.

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Canine AdenoVirus – 2 (CAV-2)

This virus causes respiratory disease in dogs also known as a kennel cough. It is easily spread through coughing in dogs that live in boarding or play at the dog parks or get trained in a kennel. The disease takes 3 to 10 days to mature in the animal. If CAV-2 goes untreated it can cause pneumonia. Symptoms include fever, nasal discharge, a dry hacking cough, retching, and coughing up a white foamy discharge.

ParaInfluenza virus (CPIV)

The CPIV virus is highly communicable respiratory virus. It is also known as canine cough. Signs and symptoms may resemble canine influenza but they are unrelated. Your dog needs protection against this virus as it is transmitted through the air. CPIV spreads fast in kennels and boarding houses. Symptoms include a cough, fever, nasal discharge, lethargy, and loss of appetite. Social dogs need vaccination against CPIV.

CoronaVirus

The coronavirus is a common virus and dogs all over the world suffer from this disease. It multiplies in the small intestines and limits itself to the upper small intestines and lymph nodes. It is considered a mild virus but when teamed with other viruses, it can be deadly in puppies. The symptoms in adult dogs are different than those in pups. The most common symptoms are anorexia and depression. In pups, it causes severe enteritis which leads to death.

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Canine influenza

Your dogs can get canine influenza if they are near infected dogs. The virus is transmitted by respiratory secretions. If your dog is very social it is good to get it regular vaccinations against canine influenza. Symptoms include sneezing, variable fever, nasal discharge, fast breathing, loss of energy, and anorexia.

Lyme disease

This infectious disease is caused by the spirochete bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi. It is transmitted to humans and dogs by the nymph and adult stages of the black-legged tick, Ixodes scapularis. Humans and dogs bitten by the tick need medical attention. Ticks are infected after they feed on infected deer or mice. The tick must be attached to your dog for at least 48 hours to infect it. Your nearby vet clinic will test your dogs for Lyme disease before giving it the treatment.

Bordetellosis /  kennel cough

Bordetella bronchiseptica is a bacterium that causes a hacking cough in dogs. The vet will give your dogs a round of antibiotics to treat it. The trachea gets inflamed and fever may also occur. Your dog will also get lethargic. It is a very common cough and can be prevented with vaccines.

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Heartworm Disease

The heartworm disease is also known as dirofilariasis. It is a very deadly canine disease caused by a blood-borne parasite known as Dirofilaria immitis. Dogs that are infected have the worms in their blood vessels near the heart and in the heart. Sometimes worms can be found in other parts of the circulatory system as well. These worms can live up to 5 years and in the meantime, the female can reproduce. Symptoms can include diarrhea, weight loss, vomit with worms in it and dry hair.

Mike Mark is an owner of a small pet house and a professional dog trainer as well who enjoys writing blog posts in his spare time and currently works at Pet Vet Animal Hospitals.

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